The suppression of the traffic in persons and of the exploitation of the prostitution of others resolution declares that the enslavement of women and children subjected to prostitution is incompatible with the dignity and fundamental rights of the human person. It was approved by the UN General Assembly in 1949.
The convention describes procedures for combating international traffic for the purpose of prostitution, including extradition of offenders. It also prohibits the running of brothels and renting accommodation for prostitution purposes.
Member States that have signed, ratified, and implemented the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others are preventing prostitution by moral education and civics training, in and out of school, increasing the number of women among the State's personnel having direct contact with the populations concerned, eliminating discrimination that ostracizes prostitutes and makes their reabsorption into society more difficult, curbing the pornography industry and the trade in pornography and penalizing them very severely when minors are involved, punishing all forms of procuring in such a way as to deter it, particularly when it exploits minors and facilitating occupational training for and the reabsorption into society of persons rescued from prostitution.
Member States are co-operating closely with one another in the search for missing persons and in the identification of international networks of procurers and, if they are members of the International Criminal Police Organization, to co-operate with that organization, requesting it to make the suppression of the traffic in persons one of its priorities. It also encourages programmes for use in schools and in the media concerning the image of women in society.
The Centre for Human Rights, specifically the secretariat of the Working Group on Slavery, in close co-operation with the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs of the Department of International Economic and Social Affairs actively monitors this resolution.
The definition of trafficking of this convention was departed from in the Trafficking Protocol to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
By 2007, there were 74 states parties to the convention. Additionally, five states have signed the convention but have not yet ratified it.
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