Gender Equity Education Act of Republic of China was announced on 2004 June 23. The General Provisions states the purposes of the act: "to promote substantive gender equality, eliminate gender discrimination, uphold human dignity, and improve and establish education resources and environment of gender equality. "
(Note: this is not an exact quotation)
All competent authorities and schools shall have a "gender equity education committee", whose tasks include promote curricula, teaching, and assessments on gender equity education.
At least half of the members of such committee shall be women, and at least two third of members shall be experts in the area.
This chapter specifically defines "sexual assault or sexual harassment on campus" as "sexual assault or sexual harassment that involves the school principal, faculty, staff or student as one party and student as the other party", separate these events from others.
The chapter states
Curricula shall cover gender equity education. The school shall develop relevant plan and assessments. All curricula shall comply with principle of gender equity. All teachers shall maintain gender equity consciousness, and "shall encourage students to take courses in fields that are not traditionally affiliated with their gender".
The Enforcement Rules for the act further states that gender equity education curricula shall cover "affective education, sex education, and gay and lesbian education".
If the school violates the act, victim can apply for investigation to the supervising authority.
The act originated from local feminism movement in 1980s, began to be drawn in 2000, and was announced in 2004.
The act originated from earlier demands of "gender equality" (, literally translated as "Equality of two sex") education. 1988, Awakening Foundation published a handbook, which examined the official edition of textbooks of primary and high schools on language and social science, and concluded them full of gender stereotypes.
1996, following then policy of educational reforms, Awakening Foundation presented the Education Reform Council of Executive Yuan with five demands:
In the end of the same year, Sexual Assault Prevention Act was passed quickly because of the shock of the rape-murder case of a local feminist Peng Wan-Ru. The act states that primary and high schools shall have "gender equality education". This is the legal basis of Gender Equity Education Act. In March 1997, Ministry of Education established "Gender Equality Education Committee", which later gave rise to the act.
In 1999, Ministry of Education passed the executive order of "Principles of Handling Sexual Assault or Sexual Harassment on College Campus, Primary and Secondary Schools". Schools followed order to establish rules and taskforces.
In 2000, "Gender Equality Education Committee" commended Chen Hwei-shin, Shen Mei-chen, Su Chien-ling and Hsieh Hsiao-chin to draw the draft of "Gender Equality Education Act". The draft was completed in 2001. The draft contained all five chapters of the Gender Equity Education Act.
In this version, there is work protection of pregnant faculty and staff in the chapter about learning environment, but not in that chapter of Gender Equity Education Act, because such protection has been given by "Gender Equality In Employment Law".
During the draft the committee was shocked by the death of student Yeh Yung-chih. Thus the committee concerned more on gender, sexual orientation, and sexual identity, and in 2002 changed the name of the act from "Gender Equality" (, literally translated as "Equality of two sex") to "Gender Equity" .
The draft of Gender Equity Education Act was completed in 2003 May, passed Executive Yuan meeting on 2004 March 31, and then entered stage of legislation.
The "NGO League of Promoting Gender Equity Education Act" was then formed. It included Awakening Foundation, and Taiwan Tongzhi Hotline Association. June 4, The act was passed in Legislative Yuan, and on June 23 it was announced by the president.
See Gender Equity Education of Taiwan Before the act was announced, there were already many training and curriculum studies. After the announcement, all training and studies were based on the act. Taiwan Tongzhi Hotline Association has been hosting "Understanding LGBT" workshop for teachers since 2000. There are also some schools combined previous sex education and abstinence education such as showcasing a documentary of abortion as their version of gender equity education. The official course contents regulation "Index of Capabilities" is still under studies in 2006 March.
All Schools had established committees according to the act.
Although the "violence from ex-lovers" was not addressed in the draft of the act, major criminal cases of such violence are still occurring. And there are people who wish the act would result more affective education to reduce such violence. (, ).
On 2006 March 30, Ministry of Education ruled that any campus-wide competition or selection campaign (such as beauty contest) must summit project to the gender equity commition of the school. And if the campaign violate the regulation of gender discrimination of the act, the campaign would be corrected.
In Chinese :
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