Hymenoplasty redirects here. For the operation to correct an imperforate hymen, see Hymenotomy.

Hymenorrhaphy or hymen reconstruction surgery is the surgical restoration of the hymen. The term comes from the Greek words hymen meaning membrane, and raphe meaning suture. It is also known as hymenoplasty, although strictly this term would also include hymenotomy.

Such procedures are not generally regarded as part of mainstream gynecology, but are available from some plastic surgery centres, particularly in the USA, Japan and Western Europe, generally as day surgery. The normal aim is to cause bleeding during post-nuptial intercourse, which in some cultures is a required proof of virginity.

Varieties of the operation

The term may cover at least four significantly different types of procedure:

Availability and legality

Some hymen reconstruction operations are legal in some countries, while other countries ban all hymenorrhaphy. Infibulation is in general illegal.

In the United States of America, hymen restoration is available in private clinics and becoming slightly more common. In France, the cost can be covered by state if the patient claims that she has been raped..

See also

External links

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This article is based on "Hymenorrhaphy" from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org). It is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licencse. In the Wikipedia you can find a list of the authors by visiting the following address: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hymenorrhaphy&action=history