Masculism (or Masculinism) consists of social theories, political movements, and moral philosophies primarily based on the experiences of men. Although masculism provides a general critique of social relations, many of its active proponents also seek to analyze gender inequality and promote men's rights, interests, and issues.

History of masculism

Modern masculism has evolved in part as a response to changing women's roles. The feminist advocacy for professional women led to a similar advocacy for fathers. For example, following the "working woman" TV programs of the 1970s (such as The Mary Tyler Moore Show) came numerous "single father" shows (such as ''Diff'rent Strokes and Silver Spoons), as well as the child-custody themed motion picture Kramer vs. Kramer''.

Masculism, however, is not merely a response to feminism. There are many issues, such as military conscription and fatherhood, that are regarded by proponents as concerns for men in their own right.

Warren Farrell is probably the most prominent author using the term "masculist" today.

Masculist concerns

Masculists cite one-sided legislation, selective enforcement, and neglected civil rights as examples of discrimination against men and boys. Examples may include:


Masculist concerns focus on societal acceptance of violence harming men paired with the stigma against violence harming women, as well as males being taught or expected to take on violent roles.



Social concerns

This suggests that masculism in his conception can assist and aid the women's movement. Feminists have responded to this with both encouragement and trepidation. Some feminists believe that space for women to have a voice would be threatened by the presence of men, or that a growing presence of men in the women's movement would displace the voices of the women. Others greet masculist interests in the women's movement as important for the eradication of sexism in society.

Likewise, gender egalitarians call for both masculists and feminists who are truly interested in equality to unite under one banner of gender egalitarianism. This philosophy is sympathetic to legitimate grievances of both males and females.

Masculinist literary theory

A branch of literary theory that works as an antidote to feminist literary theory. Coined from "The Masculinist Manifesto" created by Dr. Rachel Bishop, this radical testament of gender egalitarianism uses the imbalance created through feminist theory to in fact unravel feminist assumptions. As a woman, Dr. Bishop walks the line of blatant chauvinism, approaching gender inequalities in terms of its contemporary social context.

See also

Men's movements and organizations

People associated with masculism


External links

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This article is based on "Masculism" from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia ( It is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licencse. In the Wikipedia you can find a list of the authors by visiting the following address: